The implementation of novel tools and methods in public health and clinical practice typically demands strategies to involve relevant stakeholders, and to transfer knowledge gained to the appropriate policy levels.

We will use qualitative research methods from the social sciences to identify barriers and facilitators for the implementation of recurrent LQAS-based AMR surveillance in the human and veterinary domains, and provide guidance on strategies for scale-up. Focus group discussions are facilitated by experienced social scientists, and involve a wide range of stakeholders (physicians, farmers, microbiologists, pharmacists, public health experts, veterinary health experts, antimicrobial stewardship committees, treatment guideline committees). Topic lists to be used in the discussions are prepared by the OASIS consortium after consultation with experts on AMR surveillance and policy development in the respective One Health domains.

The implementation research has a strong focus on knowledge utilization strategies: how can the obtained results of the project be communicated in a way that is optimal for the different stakeholder groups, and facilitates translation of the results into policy?